Activities of Daily Living
A person's daily routine of basic functions that are necessary for
independent living such as feeding, dressing, eating, walking,
toileting, and bathing.
Adult Day Care
Adult day care offers socialization during the day that includes
activities, field trips, and meals to accommodate the needs of both
the physically and mentally challenged elderly. Many centers
provide transportation to and from the center. This is an excellent
and affordable way to provide loved ones with quality care, while
giving caregivers time away.
Allows you to express wishes in advance to let physicians and
other health care providers know what medical treatments are
acceptable in the event you are unable to communicate your
A condition which affects the brain and my result in loss of
memory, mood swings, speech imbalance, confusion/hallucinations and
incontinence. Advanced stages of this disease generally require
This lifestyle is a state licensed community offering assistance
with daily living activities such as medical personnel assisting
with medication, dressing, bathing and social activities. They
normally have Levels of Care that offer a variety of extra
services. The Levels of Care indicate an additional monthly fee
from the base price. Assisted living is often referred to as a
Resident Care Facility (RCF I or II).
Assistance available to older adults who reside in a variety of
living arrangements designed to help with the activities of daily
life. Such services range from assistance with bathing and dressing
to home cleaning, laundry and meal preparation. Some may also
escort a person to medical appointments and assist with medication
management and more.
Community Based Services
Cost effective, quality care or services, in the least restrictive
environment, that enables people to stay within their own home and
community; that enhances quality of life; and supports individuals
This is supervision and/or assistance of activities of daily life
offered in the home environment. This typically is a 24-hour
program for an individual who does not desire to live in a
The loss of intellectual functions (such as memory deficit or
confusion) that interfere with daily living. There are many causes
for dementia and some of these may be reversible such as drug
reactions and nutritional deficiencies. Other causes of
dementia are not reversible such as Alzheimer's disease which is
the most common type of dementia. To accurately determine the
cause of dementia and provide optimal treatment, the older person
needs a thorough geriatric assessment performed by a physician with
input from family members.
Durable Power of Attorney
Gives power to another to make legal or financial decisions such
as handling investments, paying bills, contracting for nursing
services and/or other living arrangements or care. The powers can
be narrow or broad. To make this legally binding you should seek
the advice of an attorney.
Durable Power of Attorney for Health
Gives power to another to make medical and other healthcare
decisions if you are incapacitated.
A business industry that provides services or products that
directly or indirectly impacts the lives of the older adult
A degreed professional who specializes in aging related issues and
assists older adults and their family members by assessing their
needs and identifying the best services and care available to meet
Many older people experience multiple medical problems, frequent
falls, memory and functional problems. Evaluations are needed to
determine the patient's strengths and problems, so that resources
can be identified and used to promote as much independence, safety,
and lifestyle satisfaction as possible. A thorough care plan is
provided upon completion of the assessment.
Home Health Aide
This program is state licensed medical personnel offering
professional services in the home environment. Home health
typically offers medication assistance, homemaking, bathing
assistance and rehabilitation therapy. These services are generally
not covered by insurance.
Provides assistance with light housekeeping, meal planning and
preparation, laundry, eliminating safety hazards, accompanying to
appointments, running errands and grocery shopping. These services
are generally not covered by insurance.
This is specialized care to lessen the physical and emotional
discomfort of the terminally ill. These services are offered to
caregivers and families, as well. Hospice can be offered in the
home setting or at a hospice home.
A living arrangement that maximizes independence and
self-determination through a "community" environment which allows
one to be on their own while still having a network of support
Living Will/Health Care Directive
A document in which a person states his/her wishes regarding
medical treatment. In Missouri, these documents become effective
when the individual is incapacitated.
A government program, which provides certain health and long term
care services for low-income people. The person must financially
qualify based on monthly income and assets. This program then
allows the person to receive medical treatment both in and out of
A federal health insurance. It covers a portion of your hospital
and doctor bills. When you apply for Social Security at full
retirement age, you're automatically enrolled in Medicare Part A
(free hospital insurance). You may choose to sign up for Medicare
Part B (medical insurance). A monthly premium for Part B will be
deducted from your benefit check unless low income entitles you to
Qualified Medicare Beneficiary aid.
A team of two or more persons who are trained in the prevention,
identification and treatment of abuse of elderly or dependent
adults and who are qualified to provide a broad range of
A senior advocate service that protects the rights of residents in
assisted living facilities by researching complaints and resolving
disputes by initiating corrective action.
Optional Care Facility (OSS)
Financial assistance provided through Social Security
Administration for people who require assisted living.
A Medicaid waiver program that provides home and community-based
services and supports to older Ohioans. Consumer choice is a
driving force of PASSPORT and we actively seek new providers to
provide services and supports. We foster a high-quality,
cost-effective service network that meets the needs of our
consumers, with multiple providers of the same service in a
particular geographic area. Providers may apply for certification
at any time.
Personal Care Facility (P/C)
This community specializes in caring for the memory impaired
resident, This extended Care Community commands an additional
license from the state as the medical personnel are trained for the
special needs of dementia.
Residential Care Facility I
Provides 24-hour care, shelter and protective oversight which may
include the storage and distribution of medications during a
short-term illness or recuperation.
Residential Care Facility II
Provides additional services, such as supervision of diets,
assistance with personal care, housekeeping, social and
recreational programs and care during a short-term illness or
recuperation and supervision of health care under the direction of
a licensed physician. This type of facility is designed for the
semi-independent resident able to walk alone or with the help of a
cane, walker or crutch.
The purpose of respite care is to furnish the primary caregiver a
short-term relief form their day-to-day responsibility. Sometimes,
this time away from home allows the care recipient an opportunity
to socialize, participate in mentally stimulating recreational
activities and make new friends.
Care needed by a registered nurse such as injections, medication
administration, etc., or requires the skilled services of
occupational and physical therapists, speech pathologist and/or
social workers. Generally, skilled care is covered through
Medicare, Medicaid and other insurance.
An extended care facility, which provides skilled nursing care or
rehabilitation services for residents on a daily basis.