Jewish holidays are mainly in commemoration of important moments in Jewish history, from the exodus from Egypt to the founding of the State of Israel. These holidays are scheduled on the Jewish calendar, not the Gregorian calendar.
The basic holidays date from biblical times. Of these, the most important are Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New Year, and Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement. This category also includes the three ancient pilgrimage festivals, Sukkot (the Feast of Booths or Tabernacles), Passover, and Shavuot (the Feast of Weeks).
A number of holidays were added during the post-biblical period, such as Chanukah, (the Festival of Rededication). There are also a number of holidays arising out of the experience of the Jews in the 20th century that have gained widespread devotion, such as the somber Yom Hashoah (Holocaust Memorial Day) and the joyful Yom Ha'atzmaut (Israel Independence Day).
- Rosh Hashanah
- Yom Kippur
- Shemini Atzeret/Simchat Torah
- Tu B'Shevat
- Yom Hashoah & Yom Hazikaron
- Yom Ha'atzmaut & Yom Yerushalayim
- Tisha B'Av
- Rosh Hodesh
- Minor Fasts